Is silymarin and milk thistle the same thing?

Author: Kadin Carroll  |  Last update: Saturday, November 20, 2021

The terms milk thistle and silymarin are often used interchangeably, even though they aren't exactly the same thing. Silymarin is considered an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory. In the United States, it's one of the most commonly used herbal supplements for liver issues.

What is the difference between milk thistle and silymarin?

The Latin name for milk thistle is Silybum marianum. The active ingredient of milk thistle is a flavinoid called silymarin that is found in the seeds. Most herbal preparations contain extracts that are derived from crushed seeds and are standardized to contain a specific concentration of silymarin.

Does milk thistle have another name?

The terms “milk thistle” and “silymarin” are often used interchangeably. Historically, people have used milk thistle for liver disorders and gallbladder problems. Milk thistle is promoted as a dietary supplement for hepatitis, cirrhosis, jaundice, diabetes, indigestion, and other conditions.

What part of milk thistle has silymarin?

The main active components of milk thistle, collectively known as silymarin, consist of a mixture of flavonoids that are present in the fruits, seeds, and leaves of the plant [27].

Can I take silymarin daily?

How much silymarin should I take daily? For dyspepsia and biliary system disorders, daily doses of 12 to 15 g of dried fruit, while an extract containing 200 to 400 mg/day of silymarin is considered effective in various liver disorders.

Milk Thistle Benefits Scientifically Proven Information

Does silymarin cause liver damage?

Eating it can lead to liver damage and even liver failure. But silymarin has been helpful, and at least one clinical trial is underway.

How long can you take silymarin?

Dosage forms

Adult dosage in terms of hepatoprotection is 420 mg/day of extract (standardized to 70-80% silymarin) three times a day for 6-8 weeks.

What is the best form of milk thistle to take?

The Best Milk Thistle Supplements
  • Best Overall. Puritan's Pride Milk Thistle. Affordable Six Month Supply. ...
  • Best Antioxidant Formula. Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle. ...
  • Strongest Dose. Fresh Nutrition Milk Thistle Capsules. ...
  • Best for Liver Health. FarmHaven Milk Thistle Capsules. ...
  • Most Trusted. Nature's Bounty Milk Thistle Capsules.

Can milk thistle reverse liver damage?

Milk Thistle Protects Your Liver

Studies have shown improvements in liver function in people with liver diseases who have taken a milk thistle supplement, suggesting it could help reduce liver inflammation and liver damage ( 9 ).

Does milk thistle reduce inflammation?

The active ingredient in milk thistle can help to reduce inflammation. A 2012 study found that silymarin helped to protect against inflammation in the airways of mice with allergic asthma.

Does milk thistle really cleanse the liver?

Milk thistle: Milk thistle is a well-known liver cleansing supplement because of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It may help reduce liver inflammation.

How much silymarin is in milk thistle seeds?

Traditional milk thistle extract is made from the seeds, which contain approximately 4–6% silymarin. The extract consists of about 65–80% silymarin (a flavonolignan complex) and 20–35% fatty acids, including linoleic acid.

How much silymarin should I take daily?

Toxic effects of silymarin have not been noted clinically at a dosage of 1,200 mg/day; however, mild allergies have been reported with dosages greater than 1,500 mg/day.

How long does it take for milk thistle to work on liver?

How Long Does Milk Thistle Take to Work. There isn't an exact science behind this, but generally it can take around 3 to 4 months before someone will see any benefits of milk thistle on their health, and this is after daily intake of some form of milk thistle.

Is it safe to take milk thistle every day?

Early research suggests that taking milk thistle leaf extract by mouth three times daily for 8 weeks has a limited effect on OCD symptoms. It does not appear to more beneficial than conventional medication.

What medications should not be taken with milk thistle?

Milk thistle may interfere with the following medications, because both milk thistle and these medications are broken down by the same liver enzymes:
  • Allergy drugs. ...
  • Drugs for high cholesterol. ...
  • Anti-anxiety drugs. ...
  • Antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs (blood thinners). ...
  • Some cancer drugs. ...
  • Drugs broken down by the liver.

What vitamins help repair liver?

Here are a few vitamins and minerals you need for a healthy liver.
  • Vitamin A and iron. Vitamin A and iron deficiencies are among the most common nutritional deficiencies worldwide, according to a study published in the 2000 issue of Nutrition. ...
  • Vitamin D. ...
  • Vitamin E. ...
  • Vitamin B12.

What does silymarin do for the liver?

Silymarin, an extract from milk thistle seeds, has been used for centuries to treat hepatic conditions. Preclinical data indicate that silymarin can reduce oxidative stress and consequent cytotoxicity, thereby protecting intact liver cells or cells not yet irreversibly damaged.

Is silymarin good for the kidneys?

Recent evidence suggests that silymarin may be just as important for kidney health as for liver. Silymarin concentrates in kidney cells, where it aids in repairing and regeneration by increasing protein and nucleic acid synthesis.

What is the best silymarin?

Our top pick is the Nature's Craft Liver Support Supplement, which gives you a 200mg dose of silymarin through milk thistle seed extract. If you want a totally organic, responsibly sourced option, check out Gaia's supplement, or choose Jarrow Formulas for the cheapest available.

Which milk is best for fatty liver?

Experts recommend these foods in particular for a healthy liver: Almond milk or low-fat cow's milk: Dr. Delgado-Borrego says adults and children with fatty liver disease need to pay attention to calcium consumption.

What is the best supplement for your liver?

10 Natural Supplements for Healthy Liver Function
  • Milk Thistle. Milk thistle is one the most popular liver supplements for treating and repairing the liver thanks to its amazing seeds, which contain a flavonoid called silymarin. ...
  • Artichoke Leaf. ...
  • Turmeric Root. ...
  • Dandelion Root. ...
  • Yellow Dock Root. ...
  • Beetroot. ...
  • Ginger. ...
  • Choline.

What can I drink to flush my liver?

How Do You Flush Out Your Liver?
  1. Flush out with plenty of water intake: Water is the best flushing agent. ...
  2. Get regular exercise: Exercise helps to burn extra calories that reduce your risk of diabetes, excess weight, high blood pressure, and high blood fat.

Does silymarin cause diarrhea?

Aside from a possible allergic reaction, diarrhea, bloating, and gassiness are the most common side effects from taking silymarin. For this reason, milk thistle is an attractive option to people who are afraid of taking drugs with a long list of potential negative side effects.

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