What causes too many red blood cells in the body?

Author: Dr. Seth Sanford  |  Last update: Saturday, November 20, 2021

Possible Causes
Medical conditions that can cause an increase in red blood cells include: Heart failure, causing low blood oxygen levels. Congenital heart disease (born with it) Polycythemia vera (a blood disorder in which the bone marrow produces too many red blood cells)

What happens if you have too many red blood cells?

Having too many red blood cells might cause stomach ulcers, gout, or kidney stones. PV can also lead to more serious blood diseases like acute leukemia or myelofibrosis. Acute leukemia is a blood cancer that gets worse quickly. Myelofibrosis is a condition in which your bone marrow fills with scar tissue.

Is it bad if your red blood cells are high?

An RBC count that is higher than normal can be a sign of many health problems, including: Dehydration. Lung diseases. Heart diseases.

What causes the body to produce too many red blood cells?

Your body may increase red blood cell production to compensate for any condition that results in low oxygen levels, including: Heart disease (such as congenital heart disease in adults) Heart failure. A condition present at birth that reduces the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells (hemoglobinopathy)

How do you decrease red blood cells?

High RBC Count Treatment
  1. Exercise to improve your heart and lung function.
  2. Eat less red meat and iron-rich foods.
  3. Avoid iron supplements.
  4. Keep yourself well hydrated.
  5. Avoid diuretics, including coffee and caffeinated drinks, which can dehydrate you.
  6. Stop smoking, especially if you have COPD or pulmonary fibrosis.

High Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytosis) | Causes, Signs and Symptoms, and Treatment

Should I worry if my red blood cell count is high?

A high red blood cell count may be a symptom of a disease or disorder, although it doesn't always indicate a health problem. Health or lifestyle factors can cause a high red blood cell count. Medical conditions that can cause an increase in red blood cells include: Heart failure, causing low blood oxygen levels.

Does diabetes affect red blood cells?

Increased diameter - Many patients with diabetes have a 10-15% increase in RBC diameter, increasing blood viscosity. This results from an influx of glucose which flattens the biconcave disk and bloats the cells.

What are the signs and symptoms of polycythemia?

What are the symptoms of polycythemia vera?
  • Lack of energy (fatigue) or weakness.
  • Headache.
  • Dizziness.
  • Shortness of breath and trouble breathing while lying down.
  • Vision problems, such as double vision, blurred vision, and blind spots.
  • Inability to concentrate.
  • Night sweats.
  • Face and becomes red and warm (flushed)

Is Polycythemia a disease?

Polycythemia vera (POL-e-si-THEE-me-ah VAY-rah or VE-rah), or PV, is a rare blood disease in which your body makes too many red blood cells. The extra red blood cells make your blood thicker than normal.

Does Covid 19 cause high red blood cell count?

In summary, COVID-19 patients show higher levels of NO inside RBC compared to non-COVID-19 hypoxemic patients.

Does aspirin lower red blood cell count?

RESULTS: Acute or chronic doses of aspirin reduced the RBC count, hemoglobin and other red cell indices as compared to controls.

Can thyroid problems cause high red blood cell count?

Thyroid disorders are frequently accompanied by red blood cell abnormalities. Thyroid hormones often have important effect on erythropoiesis.

How does the body get rid of excess blood?

"Textbooks tell us that red blood cells are eliminated in the spleen by specialized macrophages that live in that organ, but our study shows that the liver -- not the spleen -- is the major on-demand site of red blood cell elimination and iron recycling," says senior author Filip Swirski, PhD, of the MGH Center for ...

Can too many red blood cells make you tired?

Symptoms of a high red blood cell count include headache and fatigue. Polycythemia means increased red blood cell volume. Polycythemia is divided into two main categories; primary and secondary. Polycythemia can be linked to secondary causes, such as, chronic hypoxia or tumors releasing erythropoietin.

Can polycythemia go away?

There's no cure for polycythemia vera. Treatment focuses on reducing your risk of complications. These treatments may also ease your symptoms.

Does polycythemia run in families?

Most cases of polycythemia vera are not inherited. This condition is associated with genetic changes that are somatic, which means they are acquired during a person's lifetime and are present only in certain cells. In rare instances, polycythemia vera has been found to run in families.

What happens to red blood cells if blood glucose levels are too high?

Having too much sugar in the blood for long periods of time can cause serious health problems if it's not treated. Hyperglycemia can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve problems.

What are the symptoms of high blood sugar?

The main symptoms of high blood sugar are:
  • Increased thirst.
  • Increased urination.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fatigue.
  • Increased appetite.

Why ESR is high in diabetes?

Fasting serum glucose concentrations did not correlate with the ESR. The data indicate that the ESR in diabetic patient may be elevated in the absence of overt infection. The factors responsible for this elevation are discussed.

What foods increase red blood cells?

5 nutrients that increase red blood cell counts
  • red meat, such as beef.
  • organ meat, such as kidney and liver.
  • dark, leafy, green vegetables, such as spinach and kale.
  • dried fruits, such as prunes and raisins.
  • beans.
  • legumes.
  • egg yolks.

What foods lower red blood cells?

We get our iron mostly from foods, including red meat, poultry, fish, beans, lentils, tofu, tempeh, nuts, and seeds. A deficiency in iron decreases red blood cell production [3]. If iron levels are low, this can often be corrected by making appropriate dietary changes or taking supplements.

What causes elevated red blood cells and hemoglobin?

A high hemoglobin count occurs most commonly when your body requires an increased oxygen-carrying capacity, usually because: You smoke. You live at a high altitude and your red blood cell production naturally increases to compensate for the lower oxygen supply there.

What do you think will happen to your body if your red blood cells decrease?

A low red blood count, or anemia, can cause feelings of fatigue and weakness. When a person has a lower red blood count than is normal, their body has to work harder to get enough oxygen to the cells. A low red blood cell (RBC) count can cause a variety of symptoms and health complications.

What is the life expectancy of someone with hemochromatosis?

Most people with hemochromatosis have a normal life expectancy. Survival may be shortened in people who are not treated and develop cirrhosis or diabetes mellitus.

What foods to avoid if you have hemochromatosis?

6 foods to avoid in a hemochromatosis diet
  • Vitamin C-rich foods. Dr. ...
  • Red meat in excess. Nutritionist Best says animal sources of protein, like beef, contain heme iron, which is more easily absorbed by the body. ...
  • Raw fish and shellfish. ...
  • Alcoholic beverages. ...
  • Sugar. ...
  • Iron-fortified foods.

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