What time was Socrates alive?Author: Dave Considine | Last update: Saturday, November 20, 2021
Viewed by many as the founding figure of Western philosophy, Socrates (469-399 B.C.) is at once the most exemplary and the strangest of the Greek philosophers.
What time period did Socrates live in?
Who was Socrates? Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.
What years did Plato and Socrates live?
Plato, (born 428/427 bce, Athens, Greece—died 348/347, Athens), ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 bce), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 bce), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence.
What year was Plato alive?
The Athenian philosopher Plato (c. 428-347 B.C.) is one of the most important figures of the Ancient Greek world and the entire history of Western thought.
When was Aristotle alive?
The Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) made significant and lasting contributions to nearly every aspect of human knowledge, from logic to biology to ethics and aesthetics.
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How long did Aristotle live?
Aristotle (c. 384 B.C. to 322 B.C.) was an Ancient Greek philosopher and scientist who is still considered one of the greatest thinkers in politics, psychology and ethics. When Aristotle turned 17, he enrolled in Plato's Academy.
What killed Socrates?
The death of Socrates in 399 BCE, as reported by Plato in the Phaedo, is usually attributed to poisoning with common hemlock. His progressive centripetal paralysis is characteristic of that poison.
Does Socrates believe in God?
Did you know? Although he never outright rejected the standard Athenian view of religion, Socrates' beliefs were nonconformist. He often referred to God rather than the gods, and reported being guided by an inner divine voice.
Why did Socrates drink the poison?
Socrates thought that he would not like to shut his tongue about telling the truth to people. Everywhere I went will speak about the Truth. So, for this reason, he would like to drink a cup of poison rather than exiling from his city.
What was Plato's real name?
It was claimed that Plato's real name was Aristocles, and that 'Plato' was a nickname (roughly 'the broad') derived either from the width of his shoulders, the results of training for wrestling, or from the breadth of his style, or from the size of his forehead.
Does Plato believe in God?
To Plato, God is transcendent-the highest and most perfect being-and one who uses eternal forms, or archetypes, to fashion a universe that is eternal and uncreated. The order and purpose he gives the universe is limited by the imperfections inherent in material.
How was Socrates killed in ancient Greece?
Faced with the two choices, the jury selected death for Socrates. The philosopher was taken to the near-by jail where his sentence would be carried out. Athenian law prescribed death by drinking a cup of poison hemlock.
Did Socrates preferred exile to death?
Socrates preferred exile to death. Socrates thought that the primary occupation of a good citizen should be the pursuit of wealth and prestige. According to Socrates, we should always consider in doing anything whether we are doing right or wrong. An argument is not synonymous with persuasion.
Is Socrates real?
Socrates is a fictional character in a fictional work written by a poet posing as a philosopher. Socrates is as much a real person as Jesus or Santa Claus.
Did Socrates believe in an afterlife?
Socrates' view is that there is either an afterlife, or that death is an eternal sleep. ... His reasoning for this view is that death will free him from judgment associated with his present life, and allow him to face judgment by the true judges outside of the present world.
Did Socrates believe heaven?
No heaven and hell (in the Medieval sense) in Ancient Greece. See Greek underworld for the original Greek idea of afterlife. No reason to assert that Socrates believed in reincarnation.
Why did Socrates not fear death?
In the “Apology” Socrates is on trial for crimes he has not committed. Socrates ultimately does not fear death because of his innocence, he believes that death is not feared because it may be one of the greatest blessings of the soul.
What is Hemlock death?
Hemlock poisoning occurs after ingesting any part of the plant, such as the seeds, flowers, leaves, or fruits. All parts of this plant contain toxic alkaloids that can be fatal even in small amounts. The alkaloids can affect nerve impulse transmission to your muscles, eventually killing you through respiratory failure.
Did Socrates really drink hemlock?
In 399 BCE the Athenian democracy charged the philosopher Socrates with impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates was found guilty by a jury of 501 Athenians and was forced to drink hemlock.
What did Socrates say before drinking the poison?
Before giving Socrates' a cup of poison the jailor said “You Socrates whom I know to be the noblest and gentlest and best of all who ever came to this place will not be angry with me when I ask you to drink the poison for others and not i are the guilty cause.”
Which thinker got the title King?
For such a community to ever come into being, Plato said "philosophers [must] become kings…or those now called kings [must]… genuinely and adequately philosophize". The idea of the philosopher king is closely related to contemporary political theories like epistocracy and noocracy.
Was Aristotle married?
Aristotle married Pythias, the niece and adopted daughter of Hermias, and they had one child, a daughter also called Pythias. However, Aristotle's wife died about 10 years after their marriage.